Ramadan and Diabetes

Fasting during Ramadan is obligatory for all Muslims across the world. Through literature review, it has been found out that there are various articles published for the awareness of patients and general population regarding safe fasting during Ramadan. But very few studies highlight the Ramadan specific knowledge of general practitioners engaged in providing care to people with diabetes. This study aims to describe the practice, knowledge and attitude of general practitioners regarding treatment and dietary modifications for people with diabetes during Ramadan across Pakistan


A cross-sectional descriptive study was undertaken among a sample of 274 general practitioners. Data was collected by means of a questionnaire that consisted of 25 questions that were structured according to three categories i-e, Ramadan specific knowledge, diet and physical activity and treatment modification related knowledge and practices of GPs.

Almost one third of the studied populations of general practitioners across Pakistan lack the knowledge of basic principles that are important to be employed in the management of diabetes during Ramadan. Hence there is need to promote educational programs and CMEs to improve the knowledge of our GPs that should be reflected by their sound clinical practices in the field of diabetes.



Some Questions and There Answers Related to Zika Virus

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1. What is the Zika virus?

A tropical infection new to the Western Hemisphere.
The Zika virus is a mosquito-transmitted infection related to dengue, yellow fever and West Nile virus. Although it was discovered in the Zika forest in Uganda in 1947 and is common in Africa and Asia, it did not begin spreading widely in the Western Hemisphere until last May, when an outbreak occurred in Brazil.
Until now, almost no one on this side of the world had been infected. Few of us have immune defenses against the virus, so it is spreading rapidly. Millions of people in tropical regions of the Americas may now have been infected.
Yet for most, the infection causes no symptoms and leads to no lasting harm. Scientific concern is focused on women who become infected while pregnant and those who develop a temporary form of paralysis after exposure to the Zika virus.

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2. How is the virus spread?

Mosquitoes, but not every species. Zika is spread by mosquitoes of the AEDES genus, which can breed in a pool of water as small as a bottle cap and usually bite during the day. The aggressive yellow fever mosquito, AEDES AEGYPTI MOSQUITO has spread most Zika cases, but that mosquito is common in the United States only in Florida, along the Gulf Coast, and in Hawaii – although it has been found as far north as Washington, D.C., in hot weather.
The Asian tiger mosquito, AEDES ALBOPICTUS, is also known to transmit the virus, but it is not clear how efficiently. That mosquito ranges as far north as New York and Chicago in summer.

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3. Can easily the Zika computer virus always be sexually transported?

Sure, however authorities suppose that it almost never occurs.
Specialists feel that most almost all Zika infections tend to be transported through mosquitoes, certainly not sex. By Feb. 3, there include merely recently been a few studies suggesting erectile transmission.
With 08, a new scientist studying malaria within The African continent returned to help and also obviously infected his partner prior to establishing symptoms himself. Both equally experienced fever, hasty and also headaches. Per year in the future, checks on their blood, that was icy, discovered that both experienced Zika.
With 2013, dwell computer virus seemed to be within the ejaculate of the 44-year-old Tahitian gentleman; no matter whether he or she infected any person can be unknown.
With early February, health and fitness officials within Texas announced that your traveller who experienced returned to help Dallas coming from Venezuela obviously experienced infected a new erectile associate.

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From the very first 2 circumstances, the adult men experienced penile discomfort and also blood within their ejaculate, suggesting that their particular testes as well as prostates was infected. Particulars in connection with third event were not unveiled.
Based on these kind of studies, the D. D. D. granted tentative new suggestions suggesting that pregnant women prevent experience of ejaculate coming from adult men who’ve not long ago returned coming from locations along with Zika transmission. Males going back coming from these kind of regions should think about using condoms, the bureau stated.
Authorities didn’t provide assistance with just how long to take action. English health and fitness regulators include recommended using condoms with regard to at the least 31 times.
You can still find a lot of unknowns, which include:
Can easily a girl pass herpes to a gentleman by means of sex? Could it be handed down by means of anal, by mouth as well as any sort of sex?
May a person have to have blood within his ejaculate being infectious? Is he or she infectious before the blood shows up?
If you find no blood, really does he or she have to have experienced Zika symptoms such as fever and also hasty to help monitor herpes? Just how long really does a person remain infectious?

4. How might Zika cause brain damage in infants?

Authorities aren’t certain precisely how it occurs, or even if the TROJAN virus should be to fault.
The possibility that the actual Zika TROJAN brings about MICROCEPHALY – uncommon little brain along with harmed brains – come forth simply with October, any time health professionals with northern Brazilian observed any spike with infants with all the issue.
It might be of which additional factors, such as simultaneous contamination together with additional worms, usually are causing the actual climb; investigators could even realize that Zika TORJAN seriously isn’t the key trigger, while at the moment circumstantial proof recommends that it’s.

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It’s not necessarily known precisely how common MICROCEPHALY happens to be with Brazil’s episode. Three mil infants usually are delivered with Brazilian every year. Generally, regarding 150 situations regarding MICROCEPHALY usually are reported, along with Brazilian claims it really is investigating practically 5, 000 situations. Still reported situations typically raise any time people are notified to a likely health and fitness situation.


Toddlers along with MICROCEPHALY have uncommon small mind. Inside approximately 15 per cent of situations, a compact mind is a compact mind, in addition to there isn’t a effect on the infant, based on Doctor. Constantine STRATAKIS, some sort of pediatric geneticist plus a technological overseer with the Nationwide Start of Youngster Health insurance and Human Advancement.
However in the remainder of situations, the particular infant’s human brain would possibly not have developed appropriately during pregnancy or maybe could possibly have ended expanding inside very first a long time of life. These types of young children may well practical knowledge a range of complications, similar to developing delays, intelligent failures or maybe hearing burning.
The aftermaths can vary extensively through baby for you to baby. Pinpointing the main bring about allows physicians for you to advise mother and father with regards to their newborn’s prospects.

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Innate abnormalities can be a frequent bring about. MICROCEPHALY can be triggered by attacks on the fetus, which include A language like German measles (also often known as rubella), toxoplasmosis (a ailment the effect of a parasite present in undercooked toxify meat in addition to kitten feces) in addition to cytomegalovirus.
MICROCEPHALY also can end result if the expecting person eats alcohol consumption, can be drastically malnourished or maybe offers diabetes. In the event the deficiency arises in a child’s very first a long time, it could be due to some sort of human brain injuries during job.
There is absolutely no therapy to have an uncommon small mind.
“There isn’t a solution to repair, only solutions to cope with the particular downstream outcomes, ” said Doctor. Hannah Michael. Tully, some sort of neurologist in Seattle Children’s Infirmary who makes a specialty of human brain malformations.

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6. What countries should pregnant women avoid?

With regards to a couple 12 spots mostly in the Caribbean, Central The us in addition to South America.
The particular Container American Wellbeing Business feels the disease can multiply in your neighborhood Atlanta divorce attorneys land in the Americas other than Nova Scotia in addition to Chile. Here’s the territories where Zika disease is moving.

Twitter: New Medium to Get Updated for Karachiites

After bad situation of Karachi become worst, from 2010 Karachiites looking for new news medium which can update them where ever they were. Some twitter users at that time start news related accounts in which they update news as they get from there sources, TV, radio etc. After twitter give free SMS alert service (40404), it`s become viral and people start following news accounts from their phones so they can updated.


Some twitter IDs become popular from time to time because of their authenticity, update on time etc.

1) @CityNews021


CityNews021 have large number of followers than any other its competitors (576K at the moment). CityNews021 start working from May 2011. CityNews021 gives neither gives Karachi news but also regional and international news. You can get news on your mobile from free SMS service and also there website CityNews021.Com

2) @FVBnews


FVBnews also very popular twitter account in Karachi. FVBnews have 178K followers at the moment. FVBnews start working from September 2011. FVBnews gives authentic news. You can get news on your mobile from free SMS service, just type in your message F<space>FVBnews and send it to 40404.

3) @KhiTraffic


KhiTraffic is purely traffic update account for Karachi, it provides news, updates, accidents, incidents, traffic alerts, traffic jam updates, protest updates etc. This account is managed by @RohailRamzanAli and @TanvirH. If you want to give updates to other people then you can, just type @KhiTraffic<space> and your update and send it to 40404 or if you use from PC then go to there ID and write your update.

Five events in Ten days in Karachi: You would not have to miss

Karachi is the most happening cities in Pakistan, Karachi have events taking place every day and let’s be honest, it’s hard to keep track of every possible event.

So, here is the list of some major events happening in Karachi in the 10 days left to complete January 2016 and you wouldn’t want to miss:

1) Karachi Eat 2016: 22 – 24 January 2016

For the affection of meals, of course! Who can resist the mouth-watering strawberry nutella samosas, or sweet potato fries or simply the fantastic 92 stalls of pure, completely happy meals?

Karachi Eat is happening at Sadar Frere Hall and will span over three days, starting Friday from 4:00pm to 11:00pm, while Saturday and Sunday open from 12 Noon to 11:00pm (we suggest don`t take meals at home and enjoy them at festival, there might be no end to the range). You will need a ticket to enter the premises in just PKR. 250.

Karachi Eat

2) Pug Specialty Championship Show: 24 January 2016

Dog lovers in Karachi, your hosting Pug Specialty Championship on Sunday, 24th Jan. Well, it’s specifically for pugs, but come on, they are adorable.

If you want to register your pug for championship show, and for people who just want to go enjoy the show, the visitor pass is for PKR 100. It will take place at the KCP Ground near Bilawal House at 10:00 am.

Pug Specialty Championship Show

3) H.O.P.E.S. Health Expo 2016: 24 January 2016

As health freak, you who wants to have some fun and gain further insight into your physical and mental self, H.O.P.E.S. Health Expo is best place.

H.O.P.E.S. Health Expo 2016

Formerly a carnival known as the H.O.P.E.S. Mela, this time around the Help Of Patients in Exigency by Students (H.O.P.E.S.) team decided to go bigger, Putting in place the the primary ever fitness expo to be arranged by an NGO in Pakistan. It’s being held at Karachi Expo Centre near Civic Center on Sunday 24th Jan, 10:00 am to 10:00 pm.

4) Poetry Slam: 29 January 2016

Do you have a knack for writing? Yes? We’ve got an event for you! Poetry Slam invites people of all age groups to come together under one roof to share their talent and win!

Although their facebook page also says registrations are complete, they`ll be opening again soon and it will cost you for PKR 300.

The venue of event is Gloria Jeans Coffee in Sindhi Muslim on Friday, at 29th Jan. from 3:00 pm to 6:00pm

Poetry Slam Karachi

5) Cranked Up! Karachi: 30 January 2016

Do you have mood for Rock n’ Roll? You can’t miss this performance. Canada-based band “Mausiki” is all set to perform in Karachi on 30th January.

Cranked Up! Karachi

The band will be performing some of Mausiki’s tunes with a local line up consisting of Umair Dar of band The D/A Method, Daniel Panjwaney of and Zain Jaffer, as well as the city’s indie-folk rockers Sikandar ka Mandar.

It will be held at Arts Council Karachi. Head on over to Chop Chop Wok to buy the tickets — they’re only for PKR 500.

Islamabad: SC lifts ban from Qingqi (ChinqChi) Rikshaws in Karachi

Supreme Court give in its judgment on the three tagged petitions, the bench imposed a ban on motorbike-rickshaws strolling without route permits and other important documentations on the main arteries of Karachi and in other parts of the province.

In his petition filed in 2012, sought courtroom order to ban Qingqi (ChingChi) rickshaws going for walks on roads. He requested the court docket to impose a ban on motorcycle-rickshaws, as they were running without course allow, registration and wide variety plates.


In step with the petitioner, the motorcycle-rickshaws were ordinarily pushed through underage drivers and induced some of accidents.

At the same time as the petition in opposition to motorcycle-rickshaws changed into nonetheless pending disposal before the SC, the rickshaw proprietors’ frame additionally moved the court docket in 2013 after a crackdown was launched on the 3-wheelers.

The courtroom mentioned within the judgment that the deteriorating traffic situations in important cities of the province, in particular in Karachi, become because of unauthorized and unlawful public delivery, “particularly, the big variety of Qingqi motorcycle rickshaws, which can be being allowed at the roads with the connivance of the public functionaries, which includes traffic police, who look like both the beneficiaries or co-sharers of such unlawful and illegitimate profits”.

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The court also dismissed the contentions of the rickshaw proprietor’s affiliation, terming them frivolous. The bench determined that the motorcycle rickshaw proprietors had no locus stand to document such petitions and to are trying to find any equitable alleviation from the court “as, admittedly, they do not have any legal authorization to ply such car on public roads with none health certificates, direction allow and registration according with regulation.

For that reason the courtroom brushed off the two petitions with fee of PKR 10,000 every to be deposited within the account of the SC health facility.

The court directed the Sindh and the town authorities to take immediately prison action towards all such illegal Qingqi motorbike-rickshaws which were plying on the roads with impunity and with none health certificate, direction permit and registration certificate. “Such action might also consist of issuance of challan, implementing exceptional and also impounding of such unlawful motors according with regulation, policies and guidelines”.

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